Debating the Existence of God: The Multiverse Theory and Sola Fide

The multiverse theory is often looked upon as the starting point of the universe in place of its creation by God. It speculates that there exists a possibly infinite number of universes like ours with constants (see our post titled Anthropic Coincidences: Evidence of an Intelligent Creator?) similar to ours, yet slightly altered in each one. Some of these have the right proportions of fundamental forces to be habitable, while others do not. The multiverse theory suggests that our universe, among infinitely many, happens to be one that allows life. Therefore, God did not fine-tune the universe in order to create life within it, as there are many other, similar universes with life within them and altered laws of nature. This theory, according to Tom Rudelius, “requires a leap of faith beyond science and into the realm of metaphysics” as it is not testable and there is no empirical evidence proving it. Although other propositions such as the String Theory add feasibility to the possibility of multiple universes, we are unable to prove it as we truly do not know what lies outside of our universe, if anything. 

On the contrary, one’s relationship with and belief in God is testable and its existence is provable. Our ability to form a connection with God is His revelation of himself to us that relies on Jesus Christ. According to John 1:14, “the Word became flesh and dwelt among us,” meaning that Christ was the human form of God’s Word. His death and Resurrection show us that a relation to God conquers all and that those who believe in Him will gain entrance into Heaven. This relationship we are able to form with God, therefore, is his revelation. In other words, it is one’s faith, according to Rudelius, that ensures the existence of God rather than any philosophical argument. Sola fide, Latin for “faith alone” defined the Protestant Reformation and divergence from the Catholic Church in which entrance to heaven was purchased as an indulgence or granted via Baptism. With the birth of Lutheranism came the individualization of faith as people became able to spiritually connect with God without being granted a right of passage to do so by the Church. In his “Freedom of a Christian,” Martin Luther writes that “it is faith alone which, by the mercy of God through Christ (and by means of His word) can justify and save the man.” Thus, by believing in God and upholding his Word by acting righteously, one is granted salvation.

This begs the question of whether or not possession of faith can truly ensure the existence of God. For many, there is no belief in Him, and therefore no idea of future salvation for them. Some may be skeptical toward His existence, and may want to believe, but lack of apparent evidence for His existence deters them.  Philosopher Blaise Pascal offers reasoning exhibiting that belief in God is much more rational than not believing, even under the supposition that He does not exist. He states that both His existence and his non-existence are equally indefensible with evidence, so it is therefore better to assume He exists, as “there is here an infinitely happy life to gain against a finite chance of loss, and what you stake is finite.” To reiterate, if God exists and you believe, you gain something infinite (entrance to heaven). If He exists and you do not believe, you lose something infinite (entrance to heaven, as you are eternally damned). If he does not exist and you believe, you lose something finite (wasted time). If he does not exist and you do not believe, you do not lose or gain anything. Therefore, it is much more reasonable to believe in Him and live by His word than to live in disbelief.

It’s up to you to decide what your beliefs are and what form of theism, if any, you adhere to. While Pascal implies that there is more loss to disbelieve than to believe in God’s presence, some simply cannot bring themselves to believe, as they see scientific, provable theories as much more viable than the presence of a divine Creator. Others see scientific proofs as a result of God’s presence, or connect with God via nature and the world around them. Whatever your beliefs are, there is no way of really knowing the truth in them until after death. So, in the words of Pascal, I ask you, reader, “what will you wager?”

AEC

References:

Rudelius, Tom. “String Theory, the Multiverse, and God.” Augustine Collective | String Theory, the Multiverse, and God. The Harvard Ichthus, 2013. Web. 19 Feb. 2017.

Luther, Martin. “On the Freedom of a Christian.” Nov. 1520.

Saka, Paul. “Pascal’s Wager About God.” Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. University of Texas, Rio Grande, 2001. Web. 19 Feb. 2017.

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